1946-07-31 Director of Ship Material Reducing Radiation on Ships by crews on Ships used in Atomic Tests, that were being sent to San Francisco, Pearl Harbor etc.

Citation: DTIC AD0473908: OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON- TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 3
pp. 8-13
Citation: https://archive.org/download/DTIC_AD0473908/DTIC_AD0473908.pdf

SECRET
JOINT TASK FORCE ONE
DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL
TARGET PREPARATION AND INSPECTION OFFICE
014Kl/EJH/naa/S88 4 August 1946.

DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL MEMORANDUM No. :

From: Director of Ship Material.
To : CTU 1.2.7
TU 1.2.7
All DSM Initial Boarding Teams
All Target Vessels.

Subject: Preliminary Decontamination of Target Vessels by Ships of TU 1.2.7.
Ref: (a) DSM Memorandum No. 13 of 31 July 1946.

Encl: (A) Instructions for mixing and applying Paint Removal Mixture.

  1. Reference (a) outlined the procedures to be followed by the ship’s force in rehabilitating the various contaminated target vessels, once a tolerable level of radioactivity obtains. Many of the target vessels at present have such radioactive contamination that the ship’s forces cannot work aboard a sufficient length of time to safely and effectively use the procedures given in reference
    (a) Therefore, it will be necessary to take preliminary steps to clear the vessels sufficiently to permit the ship’s force to pick up the ball. This preliminary decontamination procedure should reduce the radiation intensities to permit at least four hours’ working time for the ship’s force over substantial areas of the topsides of the target vessels.
  2. The preliminary decontamination procedure that shows promise of accomplishing the desired results is best accomplished by vessels of TU 1.2.7. The steps that comprise this procedure are as follows:

Enclosure (C) of Enclosure (F) to Director of Ship Material Serial 00447

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(a) A through wash down with plain water. This removes some of the likelihood of contamination of boarding personnel.

(b) The radiological monitor, DSM representative, and ship’s force representative will then make a quick preliminary survey of the target vessel noting general average Roentgen readings and also any hot spots which may be present. Together with the Commanding Officer of the salvage vessel, a plan of action will be laid out prior to going to work; on the ship which in some cases would use up tolerance time needlessly.

(c) If conditions permit, the ship’s force working party will then board the target vessel and remove all life rafts, canvas not protecting an interior space, exposed manila, fire hose, and the like for which no suitable decontamination procedure has been devised and which have been fi ind to be uniformly hot. The working party will be worked in relays to avoid over exposure and will be returned to the hotel transport upon completion. When the target ship is too lot to permit this to be done at this time, the operation will be accomplished after (f) below.

(d) After removal of canvas, life rafts, etc., the target vessel is sprayed with the paint removal mixture in accordance with enclosure (A).

(e) After an interval of approximately two hours the ship is again hosed down. This wash down is for the purpose of removing paint. The maximum force of the fire monitors must be applied to all painted surfaces to accomplish this end. All decks and platforms should be swept with the hose upon completion to remove all paint chips possible from the ship. This washing should proceed from the top of the target vessel downward to avoid recontamination an area that has been cleaned below. Where contaminated paint chips are washed down on a wood deck they should be frequently swept clear
(by the fire monitors) to avoid transferring contamination to the wood. Care should be taken to avoid holidays in the removal job as it is more effective to do a comparatively small part of the ship thoroughly than the whole ship in a haphazard manner. When the paint removal mixture has been properly applied, at least the top coat of paint should be removed by this washing, and the radioactivity level substantially reduced.

(f) The target vessel should then be reboarded by the DSM representative with a monitor and a responsible officer from the target vessel. The general radiation level will be checked at. this boarding to ascertain whether or not the vessel is suitable for application

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of decontamination methods outlined in reference
(a) All hot spots should be noted and the source of the excessive radiation determined if practicable. If the hot spot is extensive and apparently due to holidays in removal of paint from large surfaces it may be necessary to. Repeat the applicable steps in the procedure to clear up the hot spot.

  1. When the first preliminary survey of radiological conditions is made, consideration must be given to the length of time a salvage or firefighting vessel can lay alongside without exceeding the tolerance. Step (e) in the procedure will require the longest time interval estimated at about four hours per destroyer and a correspondingly longer time for larger vessels. It is very desirable to actually put a line over to the target vessel to permit laying alongside and performing an effective job of washing down. Care should be exercised in all washing down to avoid washing contaminated materials into the target vessels or upon the salvage vessel concerned. In some cases danger exists of introducing large amounts of water into the ships. It may be necessary to skip certain areas of the ship, such as around open hatches on APA’s, large air intakes on all vessels which are not fitted with suitable closures, etc.
  2. During the entire decontamination a representative of the Director of Ship Material and an officer representative of the target vessel being worked on will be present. Radiological safety monitors are aboard all TU 1.2.7 vessels which are assigned to this work. The duties of these officers will be to see that the provisions of this memorandum are safely and effectively carried out. They will maintain liaison with the DSM organization and the commanding officer of the target vessel, make such reports and recommendations as are normally made by Initial Boarding Teams and, as circumstances warrant, arrange for working parties from the target vessel, etc.
  3. Many of the life rafts, some of the canvas and other materials removed in step (c) above will be required if the target ship is to return under her own power to the port designated for ultimate disposition. The life rafts should be secured close aboard astern of the target ships. Contaminated fire hose, manila and essential canvas may be loaded into them. Somewhat limited ex-

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perience would indicate that this may be a satisfactory decontamination procedure for these materials. Care must be exercised in hand ling these highly radioactive materials to avoid insofar as practicable, contamination of the clothes and persons of the working party.

T. A. SOLBERG,
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy.

Copy to: CJTF-1
CTG 1.2
CTG 1.3
CTG 1.8

Enclosure (C) to Enclosure (F) to Director Ship Material Serial 00447
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PRELIMINARY SECRET
Enclosure (A) To DSM Memorandum No.__.
Subject: Instructions for Mixing and Applying the Paint Removal Mixture.

  1. All vessels which are to be assigned to apply the Paint Removal Mixture have been fitted with tanks of about 1000 gallon capacity for preparing and holding the Paint Removal Mixture, This mixture will be applied by using a Chrysler salvage pump taking suction from the tank and supplying a 1 1/2” hose at suitable pressure to reach the surface it is desired to coat. The l 1/2” hose may be fitted with an all-purpose nozzle or a long handled applicator, with a modified fog nozzle attachment as appropriate for the work to be accomplished. All painted surfaces of the target vessel should be thoroughly coated, although it is undesirable to apply so much that pools of the mixture form on the deck or pour out of the scuppers, inasmuch as the supply of materials in the area is limited and effort is expended in mixing wasted material. The maneuvering of the salvage or firefighting vessel and the pressure on the pump should be varied as circumstances warrant to secure complete coverage of all the painted surfaces and to reduce the wastage to a minimum. It will probably be found desirable and necessary to make several passes at the ship to be sprayed in order to obtain the desired results with the least exposure.
  2. The Paint Removal Mixture is composed of lye, boiler compound and cornstarch. The amounts required for 1000 gallons of mixture are 450 lbs. of lye, 600 lbs. of boiler compound and 75 lbs. of cornstarch. About 500 gallons of fresh water should be put in the tank and the lye and boiler compound added gradually and thoroughly mixed and dissolved. The cornstarch should be made into a thin suspension separately in buckets or GJ cans and added gradually with continuous stirring to obtain a final mixture free of lumps. Fresh water to make 1000 gallons should be added at this time. The whole batch should then be heated by a steam hose until the starch swells and the boiler compound completely dissolves. The mixture will now have the consistency of a thin paste. It will be uniform and capable of

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being applied in the manner outlined. If a ready source of steam is not available for cooking tie formula, the cornstarch will have to be cooked separately in a galley kettle until thickened and then added and stirred into the mixture until it has a uniform consistency.

  1. In mixing and supplying the Paint Removal Mixture it must be borne in mind that the lye mixture will produce painful burns if splashed on the skin. If it gets into the eyes, it may be dangerous as well as painful. Therefore, it will be necessary to take due precautions to prevent injuries by wearing of suitable protective clothing by necessary personnel. All unnecessary men should be kept clear of the areas where the mixture is being handled. Suitable first aid materials such as boric acid ointment and eyewash should be broken out and the pharmacist’s mate should be alerted to take care of any minor casualties should they occur.

Enclosure (C) to Enclosure (F) to Director Ship Material Serial 00447

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OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON- TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 3. 1946 UNCLASSIFIED DNA ltr, 21 Apr 1982 DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL TECHNICAL INSPECTION REPORT

1946-07-31 Decontamination Procedures on Target Vessel – DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL JOINT TASK FORCE ONE

Navy Reports that document the dumping of nuclear waste directly into San Francisco Bay as well as other Navy Bases, the orders, correspondence, etc.

[Note all page numbers and notes will be enclosed in these brackets]

Citation: DTIC AD0473908: OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON- TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 3 pp. 4-7
Citation: https://archive.org/download/DTIC_AD0473908/DTIC_AD0473908.pdf

DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL JOINT TASK FORCE ONE

31 July 1946.

DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL MEMORANDUM #13.

To: All Target Vessels.

Subj: Decontamination Procedures on Target Vessels.

  1. Most target vessels are contaminated to a greater or less degree with fission products and therefore present varying degrees of radiological hazards which at the present time prevent reboarding. Decontamination procedures are being carried out at the present time in order to make it possible for portions of the crews of these vessels to return aboard to complete the decontamination procedures. It is expected to bring the radiological hazards now existing in general on the topside of these vessels to a point where it will be possible for personnel to be aboard for a period of at least four (4) hours at one time. Commanding Officers should therefore, organize boarding parties on this basis and in consideration of the conditions and procedures contained in this memorandum.
  2. Fission products are sub-microscopic particles and therefore not visible to the eye and their presence can only be determined, by the use of monitoring instruments. These products are extremely difficult to remove in as much as they are quite firmly imbedded in the paintwork, metallic structures, wooden decks and particularly in such absorbent materials as lines, clothing, bunting, etc. Great care must also be taken in all decontamination procedures to prevent personnel engaged in these operations from becoming contaminated themselves.
  3. The following procedures will assist in re-establishing normal conditions. It is expected that procedures will have to be repeated a number of times in order to get effective results.

(a) Washing down entire ships including topside structures, decks, sides and ail exposed gear. It has not been possible up to the

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present time to determine how much contamination exists below decks and these conditions must be determined as soon as boarding parties arrive.

(b) In order to carry out (a) above it will be necessary to gain access to certain below decks spaces to establish power, either by installed generators, ship’s boilers, or by portable pumps available for this purpose. Access to the necessary spaces must be monitored carefully. It is hoped that because of the steps taken to close all openings below decks that below deck spaces will be relatively free of radiological hazards. However, attention is invited to the fact that hazards existing on one side of a deck or bulkhead also presents a hazard on the other side. For instance, it is quite certain that hulls of ships below the water line generally will be highly radioactive at this time and therefore it is desirable for all personnel to keep at a distance of at least two (2) feet from these portions of the hull except for short periods necessary to do essential work such as opening and closing valves, etc.

(c) The object of (a) above is to remove as much as possible of the less firmly attached fission products. Subsequently, it will be necessary to follow more drastic procedures in order to remove the remaining products; generally speaking, it will be necessary to remove by polishing, vigorous scrubbing, holystoning, or other means, at least a portion of all surfaces and carefully washing down all removed material and insure that it is washed overboard. At the present time, the Director of Ship Material is conducting experiments with foamite lye, flour slurries, and other absorbent materials in the hope that some material available on the ships can be used to hasten the processes of decontamination. Damage to paint and appearance by using these methods are of no consequence.

  1. The following precautions should be taken by ail personnel in these operations in order to prevent possible exposure to radiological hazards.

(a) Monitors must be present at all times during these operations.

(b) Do not remain on the ship beyond the tolerance hours set.

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(c) All personnel to be fully clothed at all times and to have a complete change of clothing and effective showers after each operation in which they are engaged. In this connection it is desirable to wear rubbers or boots and acid-resistant gauntlet type rubber gloves as these materials can be cleaned more easily. For instance, the fission products attach themselves more readily to leather, leather shoes, and leather gloves and are most difficult to remove even by laundering. All clothing worn must be laundered after each operation. All contaminated clothing should, wherever possible, be carefully washed out separate and apart from the ship’s regular laundry. For small amounts buckets and tubs can be utilized. Where the lots are so large as to make use of the ship’s regular laundry facilities mandatory, the inside of the equipment should afterwards be thoroughly scrubbed with an abrasive soap, such as Bon-Ami.

(d) During any hosing or washing down operations, personnel should be to windward of all such operations in order to prevent spraying and wetting themselves and any other personnel on board. Great care must be exercised in this respect, particularly until the ship begins to reach normal conditions.

(e) Upper vertical surfaces will present the greatest difficulties in decontamination and work on these surfaces must be controlled so as to prevent any spray or drippings falling on other personnel.

(f) Access passages to the most used and most necessary spaces in the ship should be decontaminated as soon as possible, in other words, set up definite routes of access which must be used by all personnel until general clearance is obtained.

(g) Determine as soon as practicable what space below decks are free from contamination or relatively free from contamination and require personnel to remain in these spaces at such times as they are resting or eating.

(h) It will be necessary to use K-rations at least in the beginning and these should be brough daily rather than in large supplies, and a space free from contamination used for keeping them until meal hour. Fresh water in canteens must be brought each day and handled in the same way.

(i) Determine as soon as practicable the condition of consumable supplies which may have been left on board and also condition of stored fresh water. Samples of suspected or definitely contaminated materials should be brought to the U. S. S. HAVEN properly tagged

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and identified for further examination. It is desirable that the fresh water from all storage tanks be so tested before using.

(j) All radiological dangers, when found, shall be marked clearly and if necessary roped off to keep personnel at a safe distance.

  1. It is expected that the decontamination procedures on all ships will be rather slow and certainly laborious. Only by careful attention to the above instructions can effective results be obtained in the least amount of time. The Director of Ship Material group and the Radiological Safety Section will cooperate so as to insure that no personnel are subjected to any over-exposure or other hazards. Monitors will be used until the entire ship has been decontaminated, inspected, and declared to be within safe tolerance limits for all personnel to reboard on a twenty-four (24) hour basis.
  2. The above instructions have been approved by the Radiological Safety Section.

T. A. SOLBERG.

cc:
CJTF-1
CTG 1.2
CTU 1.2.7
Colonel Warren
File

Enclosure (B) to Enclosure (F) to Director Ship Material Serial 00447

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OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON- TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 3. 1946 UNCLASSIFIED DNA ltr, 21 Apr 1982 DIRECTOR OF SHIP MATERIAL TECHNICAL INSPECTION REPORT

1946-09-10 Cleaning Salt Water Systems; dumping radiation directly into into San Francisco Bay

Navy Reports that document the dumping of nuclear waste directly into San Francisco Bay as well as other Navy Bases, the orders, correspondence, etc.

Citation: DTIC AD0473908: OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON- TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 3 pp. 9-10

[Note all page numbers and notes will be enclosed in these brackets]

DISTRICT MEDICAL OFFICE TWELFTH NAVAL DISTRICT SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
10 September 1946
CONFIDENTIAL MEMORANDUM

To: Commander, San Francisco Naval Shipyard

Subj: Cleaning Salt Water Systems

  1. The following test procedure to be used on the cleaning of non-target ships; USS LAFFEY, USS BARTON, and any other ship participating in the Bikini operations. Accurate records are to be kept of all operations and a copy forwarded by Air Mail Special Delivery to Rear Admiral T.A. Solberg, Code 180, BuShips. A copy will also be furnished to Captain W. E. Walsh, USN, District Medical Office, 50 Fell Street, San Francisco, California.
  2. (a) A solution of citrate acid and ammonium hydroxide for cleaning of salt water piping systems (strength to be determined) is to be entered into the system on the out-board leg of the suction side of the suction pump. All outlets except one of the crew’s water closets are to be closed. This one outlet is to allow only a minimum flow.
    Then at each of the-other outlets of the system, water is to be drawn off until presence of the citrate acid and ammonium hydroxide solution is definitely found to be in that section of piping. Flow through the system is to be continuous co the one open 1 outlet. The citrate acid and ammonium hydroxide solution is to be continuously entered into the system from the outboard side of the suction pumps, (overflow from the outlet may be allowed to enter the harbor). Approximate time of Operation to be one hour.

    [Later work determined that radiation was concentrated in the acid solution and therefore the overflow was radioactive and dumped into the Bay at Hunters Point Shipyard]

    (b) Second step of the cleaning operation is to completely flush out the entire system with fresh water and concentration of standard bailer compound, one (1) pound to twenty (20) gallons of water.
    (c) Continuous records of the readings of the system are to be kept.

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3. (a) Samples of copper-nickel and iron piping of salt water systems are to be tested in three different concentrations of hydrochloric acid solutions of one half normal, three-quarters normal, and one normal. The pipes samples are to be tested in small sections of about three inches in length.
(b) Similar samples are to be forwarded to Dr. Scott, University of California.[Dr. K.G. Scott, UC Berkeley Radiation Laboratory]
(c) The object of these tests is-to determine the effect of these various solutions on the cleaning marine growth, rust and other foreign matter on the inside of the pipes. Quantitative measurements of the marine growth, rust and other foreign matter on the interior of the pipe should be made before and during the testing.

  1. (a) Upon the first cleaning of heat transfer units, principally evaporators, or distilling plants. On such heat transfer equipment where scale is formed by deposits from salt water systems, the scale should be cleaned as much as possible by using thermal shock treatment.
    (b) All scale that has cracked off the piping shall be thoroughly “removed, using standard safety precautions.
    (c) A solution of muriatic acid shall then be used to further complete the removal of scale.
    (d) A monitor shall be present on opening up the heat exchange unit at all times when following the above procedure.
    (e) All scale removed should be segregated and dumped at sea.
  2. Cleaning of the ship’s side in drydock shall be accomplished in the following manner:
    (a) The ship’s side shall be kept moist and marine growth shall be scraped off. The growth shall be kept wet while scraping down. All materials scraped from the side of the ship shall be cleaned from the drydock and segregated. The segregated material shall be dumped at sea.
    (b) Wet sandblasting, using standard equipment, is to be then used for removing the remainder of paint on the hull. The sand is also to be dumped at sea.

T. A. SOLBERG
Rear Admiral, USN.

V W. S. MAXWELL Captain, USN
By direction

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Source: OPERATION CROSSROADS. RADIOLOGICAL DECONTAMINATION OF TARGET AND NON-TARGET VESSELS. VOLUME 2 , DNA ltr, 21 Apr 1982, THIS PAGE IS UNCLASSIFIED, DIRECTOR OF SHIPTECHNICAL INSPECTION REPORT. Radiological Decontamination of Target and Non-Target Vessels, VOLUME 2 OF 3.

 

The Navy Nuked Itself in Operation Crossroads Baker Test

Operation Crossroads (1946) was two atomic bomb tests where the second one was exploded under water creating a radioactive steam cloud that spread over all of the ships, including the support ships thus irradiating about 80% of the US Pacific Fleet at the time. The Navy had set up a set of Target Ships including the Saratoga and Independence Aircraft Carriers to see what effect a nuclear explosion would have on the ships. The explosion irradiated the water in the lagoon the equivalent of 5000 tons of radium.

Unfortunately they miscalculated and thus irradiated all of the ships present which had to be cleaned immediately to be put back in action. Thus the ships had to go to US Ports and be cleaned by sandblasting and the Navy decided to dump the contaminated sandblast sands directly into the harbors of the Navy Bases. 145 out of 207 ships were sent to be decontaminated, the others were scuttled. Airplanes were sent to their respective bases to be washed down.

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

The Navy entered the Lagoon with the support ships but had to retreat when the radiation levels exceeded the fatal level and the ships ran out, some went out to sea to escape. One hour after the blast the Battleship “New York” had a reading of 1200 r/hr which is 3 times the fatal dose. Here is a video of the scene, showing the support ships wash down the decks of the target ships like it was a carwash, the sailors completely unaware of the danger of a nuclear blast. https://youtu.be/BKH437o14vA

145 out of 207 ships were sent to be decontaminated, the others were scuttled. There were also airplanes that were affected and they had to return to their bases to be decontaminated. The ships were sent to the following ports to be cleaned:

  • Bremerton and Puget Sound
  • Guam/Marianas
  • Hunters Point Shipyard – San Francisco
  • Kwajalein
  • Mare Island
  • New Orleans
  • Norfolk
  • Los Angeles
  • Pearl Harbor
  • San Diego
  • San Pedro
  • Terminal Island
  • The Caroline Islands
  • The Philippines
  • Treasure Island – San Francisco

The ships had to be sandblasted to remove the paint in order to clean the ships. Because the non target ships used their pumps and hoses to clean the other ships or operated inside the lagoon, their water lines, pumps and evaporators (used to produce clean water) were contaminated and in most cases they could clean them with acid which was also dumped directly into these harbors. At the time the Navy was only concerned with the effects of the acids dumped into the harbors and they really didn’t care about dumping radiation into the water where civilians fish. One thing they found out fast was that copper piping tends to hold the radiation directly in the copper and so those systems had to be scrapped and all the copper piping had to be replaced.

In 1989 the EPA put out a report on the cleanup of Mare Island, Alameda Air station and Hunters Point and they state that they used samples that dug in 4 inches deep to determine radiation. They cleared all of these bases for nuclear radiation. Problem is that in order to fool a geiger counter all you need is a few feet of dirt. You can cover it up all you want, the radiation is still there. Also to test for Alpha and Beta Particles you have drill down and bring up a core of the materials which are them chemically separated to isolate the radioactive elements and then determine the radioactivity based on the contents, not a geiger counter.

Here is the official video of the project: https://archive.org/details/MISC1323OperationCrossroads1948
No description at the National Archives. Castle Films produced this film for the U.S. military — “Operation Crossroads” US Army film # MISC-1323 and US Navy film # MN 5345. Description from Armed Forces Films for Public and Television Use: “A documentary of the Able and Baker blasts of the Atomic Bomb Test at Bikini, produced by Joint Army-Navy Task Force One.”
National Archives Identifier: 88210 source file isn’t in the greatest shape.

Video detailing the Nuclear safety at the blast. Notice the officers checking the status of their geiger counters using a radiation source. Similar sources were found buried at San Francisco’s Treasure Island thus causing the site to become an EPA Superfund Nuclear Radiation Site.

Video link and information from Internet Archive. Uploaded by Periscope Films: https://archive.org/details/73862RadiologicalSafety

 

Hunters Point Reports

The Article

Extensive reports on the Hunters Island Navy Base. PDF files that explain the fraud and the history of the project The Committee to Bridge the Gap Extensive reports on the Hunters Island Navy Base.

Given that the website might not be working, all of a sudden, it just stopped! I will post the first report which gives the background on the mess. If the website is permanently down I will post the rest of the links.

Report 1: Hunters Point Naval Shipyard: The Nuclear Arms Race Comes Home – October 18, 2018

Contamination Issues at Hunters Point Shipyard Presented by Daniel Hirsch President, Committee to Bridge the Gap and former Director, Program on Environmental and Nuclear Policy, UC Santa Cruz October 18, 2018

http://committeetobridgethegap.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Hunters-Point-Community-Presentation-10-18-18.pdf
Extensive PDF document contains background information including photographs of the bomb tests, EPA Found Only 3% of Samples to Be Free of Falsification, Tetra Tech Scandal Indicative of Broken Agency Oversight, The Navy has ignored the likelihood of widespread contamination throughout HPS. Also shows the Atomic tests and the Navy miscalculated the test and irradiated more than 70 ships. Pictures of sailors scrubbing down the decks after the blast, th Navy making the mistake of using the radioactive water after a nuclear blast to clean the ship, thus irradiating the entire water filtration systems. Photographs of the workers sandblasting the ships in an attempt to remove the radiation. Tens of thousands of barrels of radioactive waste, both from HPS and other nuclear sites in the region, were stored at HPS for eventual dumping at the Farallon Islands. This included an entire contaminated aircraft carrier loaded with radioactive waste. Sailors–and their clothing– contaminated by nuclear work at HPS were washed at the site, with the contaminated rinse water going down the drains and leaking into the soil through breaks in the lines. Great Majority of Radionuclides Excluded from Testing. Cleanup Goals Are Extremely Outdated http://committeetobridgethegap.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Hunters-Point-Community-Presentation-10-18-18.pdf
Article contains background information including photographs of the bomb tests, EPA Found Only 3% of Samples to Be Free of Falsification, Tetra Tech Scandal Indicative of Broken Agency Oversight, The Navy has ignored the likelihood of widespread contamination throughout HPS. Also shows the Atomic tests and the Navy miscalculated the test and irradiated more than 70 ships. Pictures of sailors scrubbing down the decks after the blast, th Navy making the mistake of using the radioactive water after a nuclear blast to clean the ship, thus irradiating the entire water filtration systems. Photographs of the workers sandblasting the ships in an attempt to remove the radiation. Tens of thousands of barrels of radioactive waste, both from HPS and other nuclear sites in the region, were stored at HPS for eventual dumping at the Farallon Islands. This included an entire contaminated aircraft carrier loaded with radioactive waste. Sailors–and their clothing– contaminated by nuclear work at HPS were washed at the site, with the contaminated rinse water going down the drains and leaking into the soil through breaks in the lines. Burning the irradiated fuel oil at Hunters Point Shipyard of all the ships in atomic tests.

 

Kamala Harris Faces Obstruction of Justice And Corruption Charges By San Francisco Treasure Island Residents

https://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2019/03/15/18821934.php#18821937

by Labor Video Project 
Friday Mar 15th, 2019 10:12 AM

“Senator Kamala Harris who is running for president of the United States was charged with obstruction of justice and involved in a corruption cover-up at the San Francisco Treasure Island shipyard by two former residents Andre Patterson and Felita Sample. They both accused Kamala Harris of knowing about the dangerous radiation and toxins on the island that were poisoning the residents but kept quiet about it after promising them she would deal with it after her election to the Senate.”

Whistleblowers who worked at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard Superfund site join together to warn the public about radioactive coverup

Article Link

Greenaction files petition to Nuclear Regulatory Commission calling for revocation of Tetra Tech’s License due to falsification of hundreds of soil samples at Superfund site near San Francisco Bay and homes. June 29, 2017

San Francisco – At a press conference Thursday, June 29, at noon in front of the Hunters Point Shipyard Superfund site in Bayview Hunters Point, San Francisco, many former employees of Tetra Tech and their subcontractors joined together for the first time in the most damning expose to date of the scandal-plagued radioactive contamination “cleanup.” The U.S. Navy contracted with Tetra Tech EC, Inc., to assist in the radiological cleanup of the Shipyard, a National Priorities List Superfund site.”

E/V Nautilus explores the Flight Deck of the USS Independence

E/V Nautilus is exploring the ocean studying biology, geology, archeology, and more. Watch http://www.nautiluslive.org for live video from the ocean floor. For live dive updates follow along on social media at http://www.facebook.com/nautiluslive and http://www.twitter.com/evnautilus on Twitter. For more photos from our dives, check out our Instagram @nautiluslive.