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245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay

Film of the Navy purposely contaminating 43 square miles of San Francisco with Serratia marcescens in 1950 and in color, at 2:25 “Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare” Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare (1952), Department of Defense Film Production, National Archives and Records Administration Catalogue # 428.MN.9170A, Declassified NND Authority # 64044

This article will be divide up in sections:

ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124
notice Alcatraz in the background and the headlands
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 124
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 125
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 126
    Continue reading “245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay”

    Treasure Island Hunters Point Shipyard ranked 25 worst site by the EPA

    This is the original National Priorities list ranked by worst to first in classes. Treasure Island Hunters Point Annex is ranked in the 5th class, 25 on this list of names of sites. Note equal to the Savannah River Plant that has to this day, radioactive waste in barrels on the site. It is also worse than a Hanford site.

    Fact Book: National Priorities List Under the Original Hazard Ranking System, 1981-1991, United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Washington, DC: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1993. pp. 49-51
    Continue reading “Treasure Island Hunters Point Shipyard ranked 25 worst site by the EPA”

    EARTHDAY 2021 PROTEST SAN FRANCISCO video

    These are the people I am fighting for to publish the Navy reports on my Treasure Island website and on this Disaster Area website documenting the Navy’s contamination of Hunters Point shipyard by the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory based at Hunters Point and at Treasure Island, the Navy’s Atomic, Biological and Chemical Warfare Training Center.

    And if you want a sample of the Navy’s own sources, of what they dumped and polluted at Hunters Point Shipyard, here is their Health and Safety report from 1960 documenting the exposures by building number and listing the radiological accidents just for 1960
    U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory., Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. (1961). Radiological safety at USNRDL: annual progress report health physics division ; 1 January to 31 December 1960. San Francisco, California: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. Note: This text is searchable on that website

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    13577 Radiation Film Badges were used at Hunters Point Shipyard in 1960

    In 1960 the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab developed 2655 Radiation Measuring Film Badges for Treasure Island and 12,688 for the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab at Hunters Point Shipyard along with 889 for Hunters Point Shipyard separate from the Defense Lab. These badges are dosimeters that measure how much radiation a person was exposed to during a period of time and they were collected from all over the Bay Area to be developed and analyzed at the Defense Lab for the year of 1960.

    U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory., Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. (1961). Radiological safety at USNRDL: annual progress report health physics division ; 1 January to 31 December 1960. San Francisco, California: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. p 20

    This document is a who’s who of radiological exposure just for one year at the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and I highly recommend it as reading material to give you a look into the radiation experiments they conducted on the shipyard (including building numbers) and all throughout the Bay Area, including downtown San Francisco!

    The presence of radiation badges means each time a human being was exposed to radiation over the course of an experiment or regular monitoring of radiation exposure on site. A very frequent and robust radiological contaminations were taking place at the Shipyard and Treasure Island in 1960.

    Camp Parks in Dublin CA was the field station for the Lab where they conducted radiological tests on the base while military personnel worked and lived on the base. These experiments included using the gymnasium to rain down radioactive isotopes to determine its effects on roof structures and that gymnasium was then “cleaned up” and was used by the Navy and then the Air Force when they took over the base and as recently as last year by private entities before it was torn down. Stanford Research did a lot of radiological work at Camp Parks and it is clear they had many nuclear accidents reported in this report from 1960.

    They did this for other locations listed below:

    Dosimeter films developed at the USNRDL 1960
    NRDLFilm ProcessedTotals
    Laboratory personnel7684
    Laboratory visitors1619
    Environmental monitoring471
    Calibration film900
    Special films for Nucleonics Div.109
    Special films for Bio-Med Div.5
    Special films for Health Physics Div.3
    RadCon Team film (controls)11
    Special test exposures163
    Camp Parks Personnel and visitors1361
    Camp Parks Environmental monitoring362
    12688Subtotal
    Outside Activities
    San Francisco Naval Shipyard889
    Treasure Island Inspector of Navy Material523
    Treasure Island Radiac Maintenance School and Dispensary2122
    Port Chicago958
    NAS Moffett Field97
    USN Dispensary, 50 Fell St. , San Francisco56
    DPWO, 12ND30
    NSC, Oakland (Naval Supply Center, Oakland)200
    USS HANCOCK51
    NAS Fallon. Nevada67
    USNH, Oakland (US Naval Hospital Oakland)21
    MSTS, San Francisco24
    NAD, Hawthorne, Nevada17
    U. S. Coast Guard5
    5060Subtotal
    17748Total

    1946 Project Crossroads Nuclear Test Film

    Here is a summary of the time stamps of this video:

    Project Crossroads – Nuclear Test Film (1946)
    Courtesy: U.S. Department of Energy

    1:50 USS independence next to the Nagato before Test Able
    2:20 target ships mapped
    4:14 The scientists and samples
    6:00 Radio controlled drones
    7:00 Manhattan project scientists at Kwajalein
    9:40 dropping of the bomb
    14:31 diffused cloud “dangerous radioactive particles in the air had become so diffused it was no longer a danger to the area.”
    15:52 camera on bikini showing shock wave.
    17:20 map of what ships got hit as they dropped the bomb off target. Independence noted
    18:55 Independence seen just after explosion when the support ships entered the lagoon.
    21:54 animals
    24:31 Skate stating the inside were damaged, so they went inside it.
    25:21 USS Independence
    27:34 Baker Test, second test underwater explosion.
    40:00 USS Independence

    https://youtu.be/2HkLZekOZLU
    Project Crossroads – Nuclear Test Film (1946)
    Courtesy: U.S. Department of Energy

    Continue reading “1946 Project Crossroads Nuclear Test Film”

    Treasure Island California Site

    I am posting more Treasure Island sources on this site as the amount of content would fill up my Disaster Area site. So for the time being, search this site and the Treasure Island California Site for content on Treasure Island. It is quite extensive.

    https://treasureislandcalifornia.wordpress.com/

    Treasure Island – Naval Training Bulletin. 1956-57 June p 12 Damage Controlman, Class A Courses

    Schools Command, US Naval Station, Treasure Island Calif., Naval Training Bulletin. 1956-57 June p 12 HathiTrust page

    1. Fire Fighting (3 weeks fire-fighting; 1 week portable pumps) 4 weeks
    2. Atomic and Chemical Defense Monitoring – 3 weeks
    3. Basic Woodworking Tools and General Carpentry 4 weeks
    4. Welding, Mathematics, and Blueprints 4 weeks
    5. Practical Damage Control 4 weeks
    6. Painting and Plastic Pipe Repair 2 weeks, 2 days

    Treasure Island – Biological and Chemical Training on USS Pandemonium Dec 1956 Naval Training Bulletin

    USS Pandemonium being built for Biological, Chemical training. Naval Training Bulletin December 1956 pp 9-11. HathiTrust Link
    Note the students training:
    Page 10: July 1955 – – Students practice Biological and chemical warfare countermeasures on deckhouse.
    PAGE 10: Lower right Construction work is suspended temporarily for class drills.
    pAGE 11: September 1956 – – A class hoses down the main deck aft. The 40 mm and K guns have just been acquired.

    Naval Training Bulletin December 1956, pg. 9

    1953-Biological Warfare Training Manual at Treasure Island, San Francisco CA

    Film of the Navy purposely contaminating San Francisco with Serratia marcescens in 1951 and in color, “Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare” Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare (1952), Department of Defense Film Production, National Archives and Records Administration Catalogue # 428.MN.9170A, Declassified NND Authority # 64044

    Navy Reports that indicate the Biological Warfare training was concurrent with the Radiological Warfare Decontamination Training at Treasure Island. This constant testing caused an incident in 1950 whereby 11 people were infected by a bacterium that produced a pneumonia that cost a man his life. Senator Edward Kennedy was very upset about this in a 1977 hearing and chewed out the Army official who told the committee about the problem.

    NIH report on Serratia infections

    United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Human Resources. Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research. Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977: Hearings Before the Subcommittee On Health And Scientific Research of the Committee On Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, First Session … March 8 And May 23, 1977. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1977.

    United States Navy Biological Warfare Defense, Civil Engineer Corps, United States Navy, TECHNICAL PUBLICATION NAVDOCKS TP-PL-4; REV. 15 April 1953 (REPRINTED 1 SEPT 1953 INCORPORATING PRIOR CHANGES)
    Department of the Navy, Bureau of Yards and Docks, Washington 25, DC
    :

    A1.05 Simulant Agents
    Simulant BW agents are microorganisms or compounds having little or no pathogenicity or toxicity, but otherwise resembling true BW agents in certain characteristics or properties, such as viability, size, food or cultural requirements, growth characteristics, persistency, and routes of invasion. They are particularly useful in field testing the behavior of munitions, determination of effect of particle size on penetration of the air passages of animals, survival of vegetable and spore-bearing organisms under experimental and environmental conditions, testing of protective devices and procedures, and for training. purposes. Examples of microbial simulants are serratia marcescens or Bacillus prodigiosus, a vegetable nonsporulating organism, and Bacillus globigii, a spore-forming rod-shaped bacterium. Continue reading “1953-Biological Warfare Training Manual at Treasure Island, San Francisco CA”

    Treasure Island CA – 1952- Chemical warfare course and manual, San Francisco CA

    Chemical Warfare Defense
    Civil Engineer Corps, United States Navy Tp-PL-3
    Bureau of Yards and Docks, Department of the Navy Washington, D. C. 1 January 1952
    p. 12


    133.02 Training Courses
    A three-week chemical warfare course is conducted at the Chemical Corps School, Fort McClellan, Alabama, (formerly located at the Chemical Center, Maryland) and at the U.S. Damage Control Training Center, Treasure Island, California. Details on courses are given in NavPers 15795 List of Naval Schools and Courses. These courses are designed for key personnel of the defense organization to prepare them to conduct necessary training of station personnel. A proposed course for personnel to be assigned to decontamination operations is outlined in Department of the Army Field Manual FM 21-40, “Defense Against Chemical Attack”

    Agents used

    FM 21-40 Defense Against Chemical Attack 1940 by United States. Army. Chemical Warfare Service Page 6

    Mustard
    Nitrogen Mustard

    Blister Agents
    Lewisite
    Ethyldichlorarsine
    Methyldichlorasine
    Phenyldichlorasine
    Mixed Blister Gases

    Choking Agents
    Phosgene
    Diphosgene
    Chloropicrin

    Systemic Agents
    Hydrocyanic Acid
    Cyanogen Chloride
    Arsine

    Nerve Agents
    G Gas

    Vomiting Agents
    Adamsite
    Diphenylchloroarsine
    Diphenylocyanarsine

    Tear Agents
    Chloroacetophenone
    Chloroacetophenone (solution3)
    Chloroacetophenone (training solution 4)
    Brombenzyloyanids

    Screening Smokes
    Hexachlorethane Mixture
    Sulfur Trioxids in chlor-sulfonic acid
    Titanium tetrachloride
    White phosphorus Continue reading “Treasure Island CA – 1952- Chemical warfare course and manual, San Francisco CA”