In 1960 the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab developed 2655 Radiation Measuring Film Badges for Treasure Island and 12,688 for the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab at Hunters Point Shipyard along with 889 for Hunters Point Shipyard separate from the Defense Lab. These badges are dosimeters that measure how much radiation a person was exposed to during a period of time and they were collected from all over the Bay Area to be developed and analyzed at the Defense Lab for the year of 1960.
This document is a who’s who of radiological exposure just for one year at the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and I highly recommend it as reading material to give you a look into the radiation experiments they conducted on the shipyard (including building numbers) and all throughout the Bay Area, including downtown San Francisco!
The presence of radiation badges means each time a human being was exposed to radiation over the course of an experiment or regular monitoring of radiation exposure on site. A very frequent and robust radiological contaminations were taking place at the Shipyard and Treasure Island in 1960.
Camp Parks in Dublin CA was the field station for the Lab where they conducted radiological tests on the base while military personnel worked and lived on the base. These experiments included using the gymnasium to rain down radioactive isotopes to determine its effects on roof structures and that gymnasium was then “cleaned up” and was used by the Navy and then the Air Force when they took over the base and as recently as last year by private entities before it was torn down. Stanford Research did a lot of radiological work at Camp Parks and it is clear they had many nuclear accidents reported in this report from 1960.
They did this for other locations listed below:
Dosimeter films developed at the USNRDL 1960
Special films for Nucleonics Div.
Special films for Bio-Med Div.
Special films for Health Physics Div.
RadCon Team film (controls)
Special test exposures
Camp Parks Personnel and visitors
Camp Parks Environmental monitoring
San Francisco Naval Shipyard
Treasure Island Inspector of Navy Material
Treasure Island Radiac Maintenance School and Dispensary
1:50 USS independence next to the Nagato before Test Able 2:20 target ships mapped 4:14 The scientists and samples 6:00 Radio controlled drones 7:00 Manhattan project scientists at Kwajalein 9:40 dropping of the bomb 14:31 diffused cloud “dangerous radioactive particles in the air had become so diffused it was no longer a danger to the area.” 15:52 camera on bikini showing shock wave. 17:20 map of what ships got hit as they dropped the bomb off target. Independence noted 18:55 Independence seen just after explosion when the support ships entered the lagoon. 21:54 animals 24:31 Skate stating the inside were damaged, so they went inside it. 25:21 USS Independence 27:34 Baker Test, second test underwater explosion. 40:00 USS Independence
Camp Parks is a Air Force Base that was previously a Navy Base used for radiation experiments in the late 50’s to mid 60’s where they purposely spread radioactive materials onto streets, yards and buildings in order to figure out how to clean up after a nuclear blast. The Navy created dirty bomb incidents all over the Bay Area and trained military personnel from all branches to clean up after a nuclear blast to remove the radiation by scrubbing, firehosing or with street sweepers etc. In the early days, the late 1940’s they thought that fallout was not dangerous, it was not until Operation Castle in 1954 when radioactive fallout fell onto Enewetak Atoll where US military personnel were stationed as well as natives and they got radiation burned from the fallout.
Camp Parks Cobalt 60 Experiments Camp Parks was used for many radiation experiments Which I will list above when I get the articles up on the site. Fortunately in Complex III tests they decided to limit the amount of radiation they spread onto the grounds, the roads and buildings to .1R per hour which today is a nuclear accident in a nuclear power plant.
Camp Parks which is located next to Dublin California is where the US Navy built a railway track to move a device using Cobalt 60 to irradiate Phantom Sheep. This is part of a series of articles where I will demonstrate the use of radiation at various locations in the San Francisco Area to inform the public of just what they were and still are being exposed to on a daily basis.
EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE FALLOUT-RADIATION PROTECTION PROVIDED BY SELECTED STRUCTURES IN THE LOS ANGELES AREA February 26, 1963
“An experimental study designed to provide a basis for estimating protection against fallout radiation was conducted on four diversified structures in the Los Angeles, Calif., area. This study was sponsored by the Civil Effects Test Operations (CETO), Division of Biology and Medicine, U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. The four buildings studied were (1) the Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Biology at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA); (2) a family fallout shelter; (3) the communications section of the Los Angeles Police Department building; and (4) a typical classroom located at North Hollywood High School.
A fallout radiation field was simulated by the Mobile Radiological Measuring Unit. The unit employed a single radioactive Co 60 source, which was pumped at a uniform speed through a long length of tubing evenly distributed over the area of interest. Measurements of the radiation levels at selected points inside the structures were made with highly sensitive ionization chamber detectors. Protection factors ranged from 10 to 2000 in the UCLA building, up to 10,000 in the family fallout shelter, from 50 to 150 in the communications section of the police building, and from less than 10 to approximately 20 in the high school classroom.”
Editors note: Here is an example of a crime against Humanity.
Here are a bunch of enthusiastic trusting people allowing themselves to be needlessly exposed to gamma radiation from this device that was used to spread the radiation by having a capsule of Cobalt 60 in a large length of firehose with 120 gallons of water pushing the radioactive capsule through the firehose. Later in their work, they used an antifreeze solution in order to make it work better. They would dump the antifreeze directly into sewers when they were done. I do not know if they used the antifreeze solution in this test.
It is stretched out on the lawn of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and they had geiger counters to show the radiation emitted from this location. The radiation produced could range from 100 mc to 300 curies of radiation.
This method of irradiation was much more civilized than mixing the isotopes in a portable cement mixer with sand to spread it over buildings, lawns, and streets by using either a lawn spreader like you have to spread fertilizer on your lawns or a machine that spread it over large areas such as San Bruno Naval Base, Camp Stoneman in Pittsburg California, Camp Parks in Dublin California and a Fort Belvoir in Fairfax county Virginia where they used Strontium 90 to conduct their tests to 30,000 Roentgen of radiation making sure that at the edge of the facility the radiation level was only 2000 Roentgens. 30,000 Roentgens is the amount of radiation at Ground Zero after 1 hour of an Atomic bomb blast. 1 Roentgen = 1 rad but Roentgens measure how much radiation is absorbed by the body so it is far more accurate.
In the mid 60’s someone at the Atomic Energy Commission and the Navy realized that hey you know we don’t have to spread radioactive substances onto buildings, streets and yards, we can just use a different colored sand and then count the sand grains instead of causing cancer on the local population.