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245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay

Film of the Navy purposely contaminating 43 square miles of San Francisco with Serratia marcescens in 1950 and in color, at 2:25 “Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare” Naval Concepts of Chemical and Biological Warfare (1952), Department of Defense Film Production, National Archives and Records Administration Catalogue # 428.MN.9170A, Declassified NND Authority # 64044

This article will be divide up in sections:

ABC Warfare Defense, Navy Training Course, Bureau of Naval Personnel, NAVPERS, 1960 10099 p 124
notice Alcatraz in the background and the headlands
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 124
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 125
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 126
    Continue reading “245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay”
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    Fort Baker Biological Lab for (LAIR) Letterman Army Institute of Research on the Presidio

    Today Fort Baker is a part of the Golden Gate National Park where they have a children’s museum and activities on the location of the US Army’s Biological Research Field Laboratory that was closed down when an outbreak of Q Fever swept the base in 1979. The Army called it an accident as they were experimenting on Sheep and goats that just so happen to have Q Fever, and the disease infected the base. There could be no other reason because the US signed onto the International Treaties that banned biological weapons in 1972.

    But the Army used Q Fever (Coxilella Burnetii) in Biological Warfare Experiments from 1951 through 1967 at the Dugway Proving Grounds. See Main article “245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay

  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p 135
  • Biological testing involving human subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977 hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session … March 8 and May 23, 1977
  • p. 136

    During Desert Storm the Army claimed that the disease Q Fever had infected its soldiers in the field and that this was the first time it was seen by the military. That does not square with the records above. If they truly did not know about it, what does that say about the waste and lack of care in preserving documents?

    See: Anderson, A. D., Smoak, B., Shuping, E., Ockenhouse, C., & Petruccelli, B. (2005). Q Fever and the US Military. Emerging Infectious Diseases11(8), 1320-1322. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1108.050314.

    Given that all of this research is classified at the time, has anyone in the military ever decided to keep track of research so as to avoid accidents like this or to build on previous research instead of inventing the wheel every time a disease crops up?

    LAIR Letterman Army Institute of Research (LAIR) was at the Presidio next to Letterman Army Hospital. Fort Baker was the field laboratory for both entities and the NRC regulated the Radiological Labs at all three locations. Here are is a the cover letter and map of the Radiation facilities from December 6 1991.

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    The Naval Biological Warfare Laboratory at Oakland Supply Center and the University of California Berkeley

    The Naval Biological Warfare Laboratory in Oakland run by the University of California Berkeley, conducted experiments in infectious disease, fungii, Chemical, Biological and Radiological research for the purpose of protecting Naval Personnel in combat and to develop vaccines and therapeutic methods to treat diseases. Also notice the diseases that affect livestock are an example of a biological weapon. It is this lab that lead the way to the Polio Vaccine and other major works in saving lives. The site is now being developed for real estate.

    The following diseases are featured in this publication – PUBLICATIONS of the Naval Biological Laboratory, School of Public Health University of California and Naval Medical Research Unit #1 Berkeley, California 1942-1965. Notice the articles on dispersing disease over large areas.

    Note many of these diseases were used in Biological warfare tests on the unsuspecting public all over the United States. See main article “245 biological experiments on US citizens in cities and bases, Navy Biological Warfare Lab in SF Bay.”

    Acute toxicity of alcohol

    Anthrax – Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus – Inactivated Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus Biovar anthracis – https://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/basics/index.html

    Bacteriophageshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493185/

    Botulism – Botulinal toxin and hemagglutinin

    Bovine Rhinotracheitis Virus – The infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus belongs to the group of herpes viruses. It causes in cattle a severe disease predominantly in the upper respiratory tract. Morbidity rate is 100 percent
    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/165129/

    Brucella melitensis – Exposure to most species of Brucella, such as those associated with certain types of animals, could potentially lead to infection.
    https://www.cdc.gov/brucellosis/clinicians/brucella-species.html

    Catarrhal fever
    https://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/malignant_catarrhal_fever.pdf

    Coccidioides immitis – fungus – coccidioidomycosis. Valley Fever
    https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/coccidioidomycosis/index.html

    Colorado tick fever virus
    https://www.cdc.gov/coloradotickfever/index.html

    Encephalomyocarditis viruses
    https://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/pdf/shic-factsheet-encephalomyocarditis-virus

    Hog Cholera Virus – Classical Swine Fever
    https://vetmed.iastate.edu/vdpam/FSVD/swine/index-diseases/classical-swine-fever

    Influenza

    Influenza B

    Klebsiella pneumoniae
    https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/27/2/20-4662_article

    Malleomyces pseudomallei – Bacterium Melioidosis is also called Whitmore disease, Vietnamese time bomb, Nightcliff gardener’s disease, morphia injector’s septicaemia, and paddy-field disease. https://dermnetnz.org/topics/melioidosis

    Murine hepatitis
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/ppmc/articles/PMC7095071/

    Pasteurella pestis – Plague Black Death

    Pneumonic plague in mice
    https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/plague/faq.asp

    Polio
    https://www.cdc.gov/polio/what-is-polio/index.htm

    Serratia marcescens
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3592283/

    Shigella
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/shigella/symptoms-causes/syc-20377529

    Staphylococci – Staph
    https://medlineplus.gov/staphylococcalinfections.html

    Tubercle bacilli – Tuberculosis
    https://www.cdc.gov/tb/

    Vesicular exanthema of swine – eradicated in 1956

    Vesicular-stomatitis Virus – horses cattle and swine
    https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/cattle-disease-information/vesicular-stomatitis-info

    CONFIRMATORY RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE NAVAL BIOSCIENCES LABORATORY Region U.S. NAVAL SUPPLY CENTER, OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, Radiological Site Assessment Program
    Manpower Education, Research, and Training Division, FINAL REPORT MAY 1988, P.R.COTTEN, at Nuclear Regulatory Commission Website
    Continue reading “The Naval Biological Warfare Laboratory at Oakland Supply Center and the University of California Berkeley”

    1957 Atomic Energy Safe Radiation Levels are now nuclear accidents today

    TITLE 10 – ATOMIC ENERGY
    Chapter I – Atomic Energy Commission
    PART 20 – STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION
    Federal Register Tuesday, January 29, 1957 pp 549-554

    Editor’s Note: The Atomic Energy Commission produced a set of safe levels of radiation exposure for nuclear workers that today are nuclear accidents, for instance the exposure for hands and forearms feet and neck is 1500 mrems per week in 1957. Today the exposure of citizens for a year is 100 mrems, 10 for children! The USNRDL’s standard established in 1946 by Dr. Joseph Hamilton of the University of California Berkeley which was in use until 1969 was 100 mrems per hour.

    These levels are very important for when an agency claims it has cleaned up an area, you have to ask what were the standards used to clean up that area and when was it cleaned?

    So for example in this document it discusses the safe levels of radiation drained into sewers. For instance we know that the GE Nuclear Energy disposed of nuclear waste by pouring it down the drain into the sewer system of San Jose using the 1957 standards.

    The 1957 Standards for Protection Against Radiation:

    TITLE 10 – ATOMIC ENERGY
    Chapter I – Atomic Energy Commission
    PART 20 – STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION

    Continue reading “1957 Atomic Energy Safe Radiation Levels are now nuclear accidents today”

    Treasure Island Hunters Point Shipyard ranked 25 worst site by the EPA

    This is the original National Priorities list ranked by worst to first in classes. Treasure Island Hunters Point Annex is ranked in the 5th class, 25 on this list of names of sites. Note equal to the Savannah River Plant that has to this day, radioactive waste in barrels on the site. It is also worse than a Hanford site.

    Fact Book: National Priorities List Under the Original Hazard Ranking System, 1981-1991, United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Washington, DC: Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1993. pp. 49-51
    Continue reading “Treasure Island Hunters Point Shipyard ranked 25 worst site by the EPA”
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    13577 Radiation Film Badges were used at Hunters Point Shipyard in 1960

    In 1960 the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab developed 2655 Radiation Measuring Film Badges for Treasure Island and 12,688 for the US Naval Radiological Defense Lab at Hunters Point Shipyard along with 889 for Hunters Point Shipyard separate from the Defense Lab. These badges are dosimeters that measure how much radiation a person was exposed to during a period of time and they were collected from all over the Bay Area to be developed and analyzed at the Defense Lab for the year of 1960.

    U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory., Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. (1961). Radiological safety at USNRDL: annual progress report health physics division ; 1 January to 31 December 1960. San Francisco, California: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. p 20

    This document is a who’s who of radiological exposure just for one year at the US Navy’s Radiological Defense Laboratory and I highly recommend it as reading material to give you a look into the radiation experiments they conducted on the shipyard (including building numbers) and all throughout the Bay Area, including downtown San Francisco!

    The presence of radiation badges means each time a human being was exposed to radiation over the course of an experiment or regular monitoring of radiation exposure on site. A very frequent and robust radiological contaminations were taking place at the Shipyard and Treasure Island in 1960.

    Camp Parks in Dublin CA was the field station for the Lab where they conducted radiological tests on the base while military personnel worked and lived on the base. These experiments included using the gymnasium to rain down radioactive isotopes to determine its effects on roof structures and that gymnasium was then “cleaned up” and was used by the Navy and then the Air Force when they took over the base and as recently as last year by private entities before it was torn down. Stanford Research did a lot of radiological work at Camp Parks and it is clear they had many nuclear accidents reported in this report from 1960.

    They did this for other locations listed below:

    Dosimeter films developed at the USNRDL 1960
    NRDLFilm ProcessedTotals
    Laboratory personnel7684
    Laboratory visitors1619
    Environmental monitoring471
    Calibration film900
    Special films for Nucleonics Div.109
    Special films for Bio-Med Div.5
    Special films for Health Physics Div.3
    RadCon Team film (controls)11
    Special test exposures163
    Camp Parks Personnel and visitors1361
    Camp Parks Environmental monitoring362
    12688Subtotal
    Outside Activities
    San Francisco Naval Shipyard889
    Treasure Island Inspector of Navy Material523
    Treasure Island Radiac Maintenance School and Dispensary2122
    Port Chicago958
    NAS Moffett Field97
    USN Dispensary, 50 Fell St. , San Francisco56
    DPWO, 12ND30
    NSC, Oakland (Naval Supply Center, Oakland)200
    USS HANCOCK51
    NAS Fallon. Nevada67
    USNH, Oakland (US Naval Hospital Oakland)21
    MSTS, San Francisco24
    NAD, Hawthorne, Nevada17
    U. S. Coast Guard5
    5060Subtotal
    17748Total

    1946 Project Crossroads Nuclear Test Film

    Here is a summary of the time stamps of this video:

    Project Crossroads – Nuclear Test Film (1946)
    Courtesy: U.S. Department of Energy

    1:50 USS independence next to the Nagato before Test Able
    2:20 target ships mapped
    4:14 The scientists and samples
    6:00 Radio controlled drones
    7:00 Manhattan project scientists at Kwajalein
    9:40 dropping of the bomb
    14:31 diffused cloud “dangerous radioactive particles in the air had become so diffused it was no longer a danger to the area.”
    15:52 camera on bikini showing shock wave.
    17:20 map of what ships got hit as they dropped the bomb off target. Independence noted
    18:55 Independence seen just after explosion when the support ships entered the lagoon.
    21:54 animals
    24:31 Skate stating the inside were damaged, so they went inside it.
    25:21 USS Independence
    27:34 Baker Test, second test underwater explosion.
    40:00 USS Independence

    https://youtu.be/2HkLZekOZLU
    Project Crossroads – Nuclear Test Film (1946)
    Courtesy: U.S. Department of Energy

    Continue reading “1946 Project Crossroads Nuclear Test Film”

    USNRDL- 100 boxes of previously unknown Shipyard radiological documents – Dianne Feinstein 9-4-2004 Senate Hearings

    MILITARY CONSTRUCTION APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 2004 “HEARINGS BEFORE A SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS UNITED STATES SENATE ONE HUNDRED EIGHTH CONGRESS FIRST SESSION ON H.R. 2559/S. 1357 AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 2004, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

    QUESTIONS SUBMITTED BY SENATOR DIANNE FEINSTEIN
    NAVY
    p. 84-87
    HUNTERS POINT NAVAL SHIPYARD
    https://hdl.handle.net/2027/pst.000051620332?urlappend=%3Bseq=90

    Question. What is the Navy’s estimated cost to complete the cleanup of Hunters Point Shipyard? What is the budget for the current fiscal year and each of the next 2 fiscal years?

    Answer. Cost to complete for fiscal year 2004 and out is $103.9 million. Budgets for current and next 2 fiscal years are $40.2 million in fiscal year 2003, $21.6 million in fiscal year 2004, and $1.9 million in fiscal year 2005. Budget estimates for fiscal year 2004 and fiscal year 2005 assume the receipt of land sale revenue to finance cleanup costs.

    Question. Given the Navy’s recent discovery of more than 100 boxes of previously unknown Shipyard radiological documents, will the new radiological review and survey work come at the expense of other important, and budgeted, cleanup activities or will the Navy find other funds to pay for it?

    Answer. Funding to pay for the expanded Historical Radiological Assessment (HRA) will not be taken from funds budgeted for cleanup at Hunters Point.

    Question. Does the Navy see any remaining hurdles to moving forward with the Conveyance Agreement in the next 1–2 months?

    Answer. The Navy is working diligently with the City of San Francisco to reach agreement on the Hunters Point Conveyance Agreement.  The Navy’s goal is to achieve a mutually agreeable solution to the remaining two significant issues (utilities transition plan and finalization of the deeds) within the next 1 or 2 months.

    USNRDL-TR-256 PROTECTING AND CLEANING HANDS CONTAMINATED BY SYNTHETIC FALLOUT UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS

    Purposely contaminating hands to see what damage it would do and to figure out how to protect hands during radiation tests. Also this shows how they lay out radiation tests with the names of the mailing lists. At the time of publication this was secret information so they kept track of who got which report. Note “* number” is the citation number. La140 is Lanthanum 140 a radioactive isotope which is a daughter product of Barium 140 and due to its use this means that at Camp Stoneman had a hot cell on hand to mix the radioactive materials into the sand so workers deposited the radiation using lawn fertilizer spreaders onto roofs, yards and roads in what is now modern day Pittsburg California.

    This article is the result of the staff being contaminated by spreading radioactive materials all over buildings, streets and roads of what is present day Pittsburg California and was the second Camp Stoneman radiation test published in 1958. Previous studies had been conducted using more damaging long lasting radiological isotopes and they wanted to make sure that they were cleaning up with sufficient means to protect themselves from the radiation.
    Pittsburg California Radiation Experiments covering half of the City

    PROTECTING AND CLEANING HANDS CONTAMINATED BY SYNTHETIC FALLOUT UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS Research and Development Technical Report USNRDL-TR-256
    NY 320 – 001
    U. S. Army
    27 August 1958
    by
    R. H. Black
    U. S. NAVAL RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE LABORATORY San Francisco 24, California

    Health and Safety Technical Objective AW-5C – Technical Developments Branch
    M. B. Hawkins, Head Chemical Technology Division
    E. R. Tompkins, Head Scientific Director Commanding Officer and Director P. C. Tompkins
    Captain J. H. McQuilkin, USN
    U. S. NAVAL RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE LABORATORY San Francisco 24, California

    ABSTRACT Hands of field test personnel became radioactively con- taminated with (a) dust slurry synthetic fallouts containing La140 tracer, and (b) La140 in acid solution. Two protective creams and several cleaning materials were used in an attempt to reduce adherance of contaminant and to facilitate decontamination. The protective creams were not found to be advantageous. Three experimental cleaning solutions (isotonic neutral solution of a complexing agent plus a detergent and germicide; an isotonic saline solution at pH 2.0 plus detergent and germicide; and a 3% citric acid solution) were found to decontaminate skin more readily than soap and water. A waterless mechanic’s hand cleaner was found to clean hands with the same effectiveness as soap and water.

    Continue reading “USNRDL-TR-256 PROTECTING AND CLEANING HANDS CONTAMINATED BY SYNTHETIC FALLOUT UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS”

    Lennar HQ at HPS is contaminated with nuclear radiation officials and politicians exposed to cancer causing isotopes

    City of San Francisco Officials, City Staff, Politicians and their families, why do you think your are immune to radiation? It is not just for poor people, it is an equal opportunity killer and you were exposed.

    Lennar builders couldn’t have picked a worse site to locate their site office at Hunters point Shipyard, the Submarine Barracks, the decontamination chamber for the dock workers who sandblasted the radioactive ships from the Atomic Bomb tests in the Pacific.

    If you worked for Lennar, or if you were a city official, or staff for the politicians, or a politician, and their families who did photo ops on the shipyard, you will need to watch out for cancer for the rest of your lives. That means telling your doctor that you were needlessly exposed to the products of an Atomic Bomb:

    EPA Facts about Plutonium
    EPA Facts About Strontium 90
    EPA Facts about Cesium 137
    EPA Facts about Cobalt 60 Continue reading “Lennar HQ at HPS is contaminated with nuclear radiation officials and politicians exposed to cancer causing isotopes”